Anxiety is one of the worst feelings. It feels like your brain is going to explode. Like there is a brick on your chest. Like your throat is closing up. It feels there is electricity in your veins. Like you’re crawling out of your skin. It scrambles your thoughts so you can’t think clearly. It gives you a sort of ‘trapped’ feeling like something awful is coming that you can’t escape from. Some people have to live with this torture every day. Now let’s have an overlook upon the concepts and links of anxiety, if in case any of us come in contact with it.
What are Anxiety Disorders?
Anxiety Disorders are when frequent, intense fears regarding everyday situations become uncontrollable. These feelings are difficult to manage as they interfere with daily activities such as school and/or work. Feeling occasionally anxious is normal; however, these disorders are different, diagnosable mental illnesses.
- Increased heart rate
- Sweating & trembling
- Difficulty sleeping
- Feeling nervous & tense
- Difficulty concentrating
- Nausea/ vomiting
- Shortness of breath
- Numb/ tingling of hands or feet
Medical causes linked to anxiety are:
- Heart disease
- Respiratory disorders
- Thyroid problems
- Drug/alcohol withdrawal
- Genetics: can run in families
- Environmental Stress such as violence, abuse and death
- Brain Chemistry, meaning faulty brain circuits that control fear and emotions
- Trauma: Those who experience traumatic events have a higher chance of developing an anxiety disorder.
- Personality: Certain personalities are prone to anxiety disorders
- Illness: Health conditions can cause anxiety in terms of treatment and future plans
- Drugs & alcohol: Use, misuse, and withdrawal can cause or worsen anxiety
Types of Anxiety Disorders
There are many different specific kinds of anxiety such as social anxiety, a phobia, and generalized anxiety disorder. These conditions are commonly associated with feelings of worry, a sense of impending doom, and nervousness.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is extreme anxiety for at least 6 months in which daily life is impacted. There is typically little to no reason.
Agoraphobia is the avoidance of certain places or situations that may cause panic such as public transportation, standing in line, being in a crowd, and being outside of the home alone.
Panic Disorders are recurrent panic attacks that are unexpected or caused by a trigger. People often fear when their next attack will be, which may include heart palpitations, sweating, trembling, shaking, feeling out of control, and shortness of breaths.
Social Anxiety Disorder is a strong anxiety toward social or performance situations due to a fear of being negatively judged by others.
Link with Diet
Our diet also plays a role in our risk level for and symptoms of anxiety. Eating a diet high in inflammatory foods such as processed oils, sugars, and meats can cause inflammation and changes in our gut microbiome that are highly linked to anxiety.
Here are some foods that will alleviate your anxiety instead:
- Eat foods high in omega 3 fatty acids, like salmon.
- Eat foods high in vitamin D, like egg yolks.
- Eat foods high in potassium, like pumpkin seeds.
- Eat foods high in magnesium, like dark chocolate.
Consult a qualified medical professional.
Medications (in emergency case without prescription:
Antidepressants (SSRIs and SNRIs): Lexapro, Prozac, Cymbalta, Effexor
Benzodiazepines: Xanax, Klonopin
Beta-blockers: high blood pressure drug
Psychotherapy: Sometimes called talk therapy, this type of counseling shows you how your emotions impact your behavior.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): This is a common type of psychotherapy that teaches you how to turn negative thoughts/behaviors into positive ones.