India known for youngest populated country in the world and supplying top brains to the world through its IITs, IIMs, Universities, but is India producing enough brains to the world with its youngest population? Before that lets know about the problems faced by Indians in their childhood & is Indian governments and states supporting there childhood. To get a broad view of childhood lets consider education and nutrition with respect to factual data released by many organizations.
According to the Global childhood report2020 Singapore, Denmark & Finland are the top achieving countries in child education, while in India female children face social stigma, child marriage, poverty and school infrastructure problems(where there are no separate washrooms, while male children face poverty, child labour e.t.c.
According to ASER 2020( ANNUAK STATUS ON EDUCATIONAL REPORT by an NGO PRATHAM) children not currently enrolled for schooling is 5.3% ( at the age of 6-10yrs) & according to (REMOTE LEARNING REACHABILITY REPORT by UNICEF) 31% world children cannot reach education due to lack of remote learning facilities.
when we consider budget allowance in educational sector it is less than 5% of GDP till 2019 which include higher education & research and development India, with such results we can imagine the status of our education system Though budget percentage of education value show less result there are many polices and schemes available such as
BETI BACHAO BETI PADHVO
SUKANYA SAMRIDDHI YOJANA
BALIKA SAMRIDDHI YOJANA
NATIONAL SCHEME OF INCENTIVE TO GIRLS FOR SECONDARY EDUCATION
our educational system consider very little about the willingness of child going to school and actions needed to take for making a child attractive towards school. we should expect a better education with new education policy 2020, which has to be brought decades earlier.
Nutrition has crucial role to play in growth of child mental & physical health. According to the NFHS2019 (NATIONAL FAMILY HEALTH SURVEY under MOH&FW FUNDED BY USAID & A COLLABORATED with many governments around the world) India has made significant improvement in factors like maternal and child health indicators such as under five mortality & infant mortality rate and worsened in factors like share of children who are stunted, under weight & over weight.
According to the global hunger index India is at serious category of hunger, though it’s GDP among the top five. This report mention that Almost 35% of Indian children are stunted, 17.3% of Indian children under five are wasted, Under 5 mortality rate is at 3.7%. It’s not that only India faces such problem, among world wide 144mn children faces hunger. poverty, food security & inadequate sanitation facilities leading to sickness of child.
Government has put many schemes such as
Mid day meal scheme
even GOVT OF IND is considering health of pregnant women, but these schemes reaching its progress at very slow rate. India need more accountability and more collaboration between states and central govt for children health. Lack of infrastructure for storage and distribution, there are end to end leakages from allotted food material.
Due to low nutrition and ill education the grown children are facing many problems, it is effecting generations of life which transmit through our DNAs of having low resistance. A adult with low nutrition and illiterate it effects his mental, physical and social life of people.
Not only the above, children life is being effected through social aspects such as Abduction, Trafficking Sexual harassment, religious boundaries, institution, ill trained teaching staff, mentally undeveloped parents.
when an Indian facing high poverty, high inequalities, low sanitation and with less bare minimum necessity we need to fight the mentioned. if not, India is never going to reach developed status un till we built a better childhood for our next generations.