“Climate change is real. It is happening right now, it is the most urgent threat facing our entire species and we need to work collectively together and stop procrastinating.”
-Leonardo Di Caprio
Did you know that the average global temperature is up 3.4 degrees C since 1880? Or that the current carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere are at their highest in 650,000 years. In the past century, the global sea level has also risen by 7 inches. All of these are the effects of the phenomenon known as global warming.
Global warming refers to the increasing air temperatures near the Earth over the past few centuries. It started with the dawn of the Industrial Revolution and is mainly due to human activities, primarily fossil fuel burning, which increases heat-trapping greenhouse gas levels in Earth’s atmosphere. Data collected by scientists suggests that our planet’s climate has changed drastically due to human activities over the past two centuries.
The overall temperature of the earth has risen and both land and oceans are warmer now than before the 1900s. The main reason for this is the combustion of fossil fuels. These fossil fuels heat the planet via the greenhouse effect. This is when gases in the atmosphere trap the solar radiation heat and prevent it from escaping into space. Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane trap this heat near the surface of the earth.
The effects of global warming are devastating and harmful in the long term. Global warming will change the weather drastically, desert areas will only get drier as the climate warms. There will be an increase in droughts due to the increased evaporation of water. Studies suggest that many regions on Earth will also see lesser rainfall as the climate becomes warmer. Hurricanes and typhoons are certainly going to be much more intense and destructive as the planet warms.
It is never too late to stop global warming and, if everyone comes together, it is certainly possible to reverse the effects of global warming. As an individual, you should strive to recycle more as this will reduce your carbon footprint. If you need to go somewhere, try carpooling with friends or cycling to a nearby place. Air population leads to an increase in greenhouse gases, so just reducing the time spent in cars or using public transportation more frequently will be good for the environment. Trees absorb carbon dioxide, so plant more trees and, nature will thank you.
Switching to having a bath with a bucket instead of the shower, turning off the taps while brushing your teeth or going for a shorter shower can help reduce the amount of water you use per day. These small actions can add up, and you can save a lot of water which is important for reducing carbon dioxide emissions. If you are not using a room, make sure to turn off all the electronic devices and turn off all the lights and fans to save electricity. This helps in saving fuel used to generate energy, which can reduce carbon dioxide emissions in a large amount. Lastly, spread awareness about global warming and its effects on our planet.