Literature : Encourages us to read them
‘Definitions always change, but the beauty of the literature remains same’.
- In western Europe prior to the eighteen century, literature as an term indicated all books and writing.
- A more restricted sense of the term emerged during the Romantic period, In which it began to demarcate “imaginative” literature.
- Contemporary debates over what constitutes literature can be seen as returning to the older, more inclusive notion of what constitutes literature. Cultural studies, for instance, takes as its subject of analysis both popular and minority genres, in addition to canonical works.
History of literature
“The person without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without it’s root”.
- Oral literature is an ancient human tradition found in all corners of the world. The earliest poetry is believed to have been recited or sung, employed as a way of remembering history, genealogy, and law. The early Buddhist texts are also generally believed to be of oral tradition also Australian Aboriginal culture has thrived on oral traditions and oral histories passed down through thousands of years.
- The history of literature is the historical development of writing in prose or poetry that attempt to provide entertainment, enlightenment, or instruction to the reader/listener/observer, as well as the development of the literary techniques used in the communication of these pieces.
- As with the wheel, cities and law codes, the earliest examples of written literature appear to have originated in ancient Mesopotamia. The sumerian civilization first developed writing around 3400 B.C., when they became making markings on clay tablets in a script known as cuneiform.
Importance of literature
Literature play an important role in our education system (English literature, hindi literature, sanskrit literature etc.) But literature is more than this. It has transcended time and is still with us, forming critical parts of today’s curriculums.
- “literature” is the mirror of society” it reflects the society in the best possible way. It allows a person to step back in time and learn about life on Earth from the ones who walked before us.
- Apart from this literature is essentially an important thing to better understand our religion and it’s origin. The epic Mahabharata, the Bible, the Quran and the Buddhist Tripitikas are some important religious books.
- Literature, unlike magazines or books meant for light reading, often contain challenging vocabulary. Older books, in particular, might contain language that’s unfamiliar to many readers. By engaging with a variety of literature, a person broadens their knowledge of new words and phrases.
Types of literature
In the landscape of literature, there are four major genres: poetry, drama, fiction, and creative non-fiction. While there are certain key recognizable features of each genre,
Poetry – It is the crown of literature, as it uses the aesthetic and the rhythmic qualities of the literature from example sound, symbol, rhythm, meter. Poetry has a long and varied history, evolving differentially across the globe.
Drama – It refers to the performance of written dialogue and stage action. It’s a literary genre that allows actor to act out a writer’s word directly to an audience.
Fiction – Fiction, literature is created from the imagination, not presented at fact, though it may be based on a true story or situation. Types of literature in the fiction genre include the novel, short story, and novella.
Non-fiction – Writing that gives information or describes real events, rather than telling a story. In simple words it’s opposite of fiction.
A literature is like a white book with each pages reflecting different colours of society, nature, religion, culture, philosophy, etc. Literature, at their best, provide a kind of blueprint of human society. From the writing of ancient civilization such as and China to Greek Philosophy and poetry, from the epics of Homer to the plays of William Shakespeare, from Jane Austen and Charlotte Bronte to Maya, works of literature give insight and context to all the world’s societies. In this way, literature is more than just a historical or cultural artifact; it can serve as an introduction to a new world of experience.
“The difficulty of literature is not to write, but to write what you mean; not to affect your reader, but to affect him precisely as you wish”.- Said Robert Louis Stevenson
Ultimately, we may discover meaning in literature by looking at what the author writes or says and how he of she says it. We may interpret and debate an author’s message by examining the words he or she chooses in a given novel or work or observing which character or voice serves as the connection to the reader. Whatever critical paradigm we used to discuss and analyze it, literature is important to us because it speaks to us, it is universal, and it affects us on a deeply personal level.