Culture and History : The world is nothing without it
- Ancient History:-
India’s history and culture is dynamic, spanning back to the beginning of human civilization. The history of India is punctuated by constant integration of migrating people with the diverse cultures that surround India. It begins with a mysterious culture along the Indus River and in farming communities in the southern lands of India.
- How is culture related to history ?
Cultural history brings to life a past time and place. In this search, cultural historians study beliefs and ideas, much as intellectual historians do. In addition to the writing of intellectual elites, they consider the notions (some times unwritten) of the less privileged and less educated. “Culture” can also imply everyday attitudes, values, assumptions, and prejudices, and the rituals and practices that express them, from magical beliefs to gender roles and racial hierarchies.
- Concept of culture in history
The word “culture” derives from a French term, which means to tend to the earth and grow, or cultivation and nuture. Culture is the characteristics and knowledge of a particular group of people, encompassing language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts.
Culture encompasses religion, food, what we wear, how to wear, how we wear it, our language, marriage, music, what we believe is right or wrong, how we sit at the table, how we great visitors, how we behave with loved ones, and a million other things.
The term “Western Culture” has come to define the culture of European countries as well as those that have been heavily influenced by immigration, such as the United States.
Eastern culture generally refers to the societal norms of countries in Far East Asia ( including China, Japan, Vietnam, North Korea and South Korea ) and the Indian subcontinent.
Many of the Spanish- speaking nations are considered part of the Latin culture, while the geographic region is widespread.
The countries of the Middle East have some put not all things in common. This is not a surprise, since the area consists of approximately 20 countries, according to PBS.
- Examples and types of culture
There are also many examplesof histories of cultural developments like music, art, literature, and ideas, that could be counted as cultural history defined broadly. For instance, Jacob Burckhardt’s civilization of the Renaissance in Italy (1860) is often considered a founding work of modern art history.
Custom laws, dress, architectural style, social standards, religious beliefs, and traditions are all examples of cultural elements. Since 2010, culture is considered the Fourth Pillar of sustainable development by UNESCO.
- Four types of organizational culture
- Type 1- Clan culture
- Type 2- Adhocracy culture
- Type 3- Market culture
- Type 4- Hierarchy culture
The goal of this article was to illustrate the benefit of understanding cultural values and beliefs as part of the process of historical economic development. Using a working definition of culture as ‘ fast and frugal’ decision-making heuristics or ‘short-cuts’, I argued that cultural change and persistence are important channels through which history continues to matter today. In an overview of the existing empirical studies testing for this channel, I provided illustrative evidence that numerous historical shocks- including Africa’s slave trades, medieval long-distance trading relations, waves of European migration, the adoption of plough agriculture, and foreign missionary activity- have had long-term impacts on culture. I argued that there is an important interplay between culture and domestic institutions, the channel underlying historical persistence that has received the most attention in the literature. I argued that one cannot fully understand the transplantation of European legal and political institutions. During the colonial period without understanding the cultural values and beliefs that were brought by the first European explores and settlers. It is from these beliefs about justice, liberty and the appropriate role of government that determined the nature of the institutions that were first established.